Malaysia said it has suspended three major China-backed projects worth billions of dollars, the latest big-ticket items to be axed by the new government as it reviews deals signed by ousted prime minister Najib Razak.
Malaysia is now investigating whether part of a loan from a Chinese state-owned bank for the projects was used to help repay dues of the scandal-ridden state fund, 1MDB.
The deals were among several Beijing-backed projects signed by Najib, who was unseated by his former mentor Mahathir Mohamad in elections last May.
Finance Minister Lim Guan Eng said he had ordered the suspension of two pipeline deals and a 688km rail link worth a combined 90.4 billion ringgit (US$22.35 billion).
Najib, who was charged in connection with the investigation, has denied wrongdoing. He pleaded not guilty on Wednesday.
The Financial Times first reported the links between the loan from the Export-Import Bank of China for the pipeline projects and 1MDB.
The loan was given to Suria Strategic Energy Resources (SSER), a subsidiary of the Malaysian finance ministry which oversees the two pipelines.
SSER instructed contractor China Petroleum Pipeline Bureau (CPPB) to suspend work on the pipelines on Wednesday, the senior finance ministry source said.
The ministry official, who declined to be identified, said Malaysia was seeking Chinese government cooperation with the investigation into the loan and exploring whether funds invested in the pipeline projects could be recouped.
A ministry spokesman, asked about the loan for the projects and 1MDB, declined to comment.
Eximbank and CPPB did not immediately respond to request for comment.
The new Malaysian government, led by Mahathird, has disclosed in recent weeks how the Najib administration used federal agencies and government money to bail out debt-ridden 1MDB, which is being investigated in at least six countries.
About US$500 million raised from a land sale agreement with the central bank, and about US$300 million from the sell-back of shares of sovereign fund Khazanah Nasional Berhad, were used to fund a settlement amount owed to Abu Dhabi state fund IPIC.
Finance Minister Lim Guan Eng had already raised questions over the payments for the pipeline projects to CPPB last month.
He said the Najib government had paid about US$2 billion, or 88 per cent of the total value of the projects, despite being less than 15 per cent complete.
“The decisions are solely directed towards the related contractors relating to the provisions mentioned in the agreements, and not at any particular country,” Lim said, in an apparent attempt to allay concerns that Beijing was being singled out.
Since taking office, Mahathir has pledged to review major projects agreed by the scandal-plagued Najib administration, saying they did not benefit the country economically.
Work on a US$20 billion East Coast Railway Link, a key part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative infrastructure push, was suspended on Wednesday.
Lim said on Tuesday that ECRL would only become economically feasible if there was a drastic reduction in costs.