Many young Hongkongers know about happenings in mainland China and watch films made there, but few are motivated to live or work across the border, and an even smaller group believes that both identities are “compatible”, a survey by a pro-Beijing political party has found.
The study by the New People’s Party showed that almost all of the 1,279 secondary school pupils polled had visited the mainland, close to nine in 10 could read simplified Chinese characters, and about seven in 10 used the popular WeChat app.
Close to eight in 10 watched films or TV shows produced on the mainland often, with one in 10 saying they did so every day or almost daily.
But just 22 per cent would opt to live on the mainland, with only about 26 per cent saying they would work there.
Professor Lui Tai-lok, director of Education University’s Academy of Hong Kong Studies, which conducted the survey, said the findings did not support the thinking that young Hongkongers did not like China or did not want to be Chinese because they were ignorant.
“We have heard many adults say that our young people should go to the mainland more to see for themselves the rapid development of our country. But the poll showed that they have had much contact with mainland society and culture and know what is going on in China.”
While the poll did not ask students if they would identify themselves as “Hongkonger” or “Chinese”, they were asked if the two identities could be “compatible” on a scale of 0 to 10, with 0 being “absolutely incompatible”.
About 65 per cent of respondents gave a score of 5 and below – with 8.7 per cent of students choosing 0. Close to 10 per cent of students picked 10.
“The question we or the government should ask is: why do they not like the country given their understanding of it?” Lui said.
The study was conducted between last October and this February with Form Four and Form Five pupils from 11 schools. About 79 per cent of respondents were born in Hong Kong, while about 20 per cent were born on the mainland.
Party chairman Regina Ip Lau Suk-yee, who is a member of Chief Executive Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor’s cabinet, said she understood the youngsters’ lack of interest in living and working across the border.
“They are young people who are about 16 or 17 years old. It is natural that they would like to stay home more.
“In general, only those in developing countries would be eager to go out to work or live a better life. And Hong Kong is a very much developed economy,” Ip said.
The poll also asked pupils for their views on national education, as all junior secondary school pupils will from this year have compulsory Chinese history lessons in a bid to strengthen their sense of national identity. But critics of the plan have slammed it as a plot to brainwash young people into believing just one version of events surrounding China’s development.
About 42 per cent of respondents said they were opposed to national education, while about 45 per cent said they did not want Chinese history to be taught in schools.