China’s imports from North Korea plunged in December to the lowest level in dollar terms since at least the start of 2014, with trade curbed by UN sanctions aimed at persuading North Korea to abandon its ballistic missile and nuclear weapons programmes.
Imports from North Korea slumped 81.6 per cent year-on-year to US$54.34 million, Huang Songping, Chinese customs spokesman, said during a briefing in Beijing on Friday. That is the smallest monthly value since at least January 2014.
Chinese customs will formally release data for trade with North Korea in the second half of the month, along with a breakdown by product.
The United Nations began imposing sanctions on North Korea in 2006, but tougher measures were invoked in 2017 as tensions flared anew over the country’s nuclear and missile programmes.
The penalties that came into force on September 5 last year banned countries from buying coal, iron ore, lead, lead ore and seafood from North Korea.
In November, China imported no iron ore, coal or lead from North Korea, the second full month of the UN trade sanctions.
China, the main source of North Korea’s fuel, also did not export any petrol, jet fuel, diesel or fuel oil to its neighbour.
China’s exports to North Korea in December declined 23.4 per cent from a year earlier to US$260 million, Huang told reporters.
Compared with a month earlier, exports fell 9.7 per cent.
In November, China stopped exporting oil products to North Korea after the UN Security Council that month imposed new caps on trade with North Korea, including limiting oil product shipments.
For 2017, China’s imports from North Korea dropped 33 per cent to US$1.72 billion, the lowest value in at least four years.
However, exports to the country rose 8.3 per cent to US$3.34 billion. The value was the highest since 2014.
Non-commodities that China exports to North Korea included electronics, plastic products and garments.